Leukemia, a type of blood cancer, accounts for approximately 10% of all new cancer diagnoses. Leukemia, the most common type of cancer in children and teens, accounts for about 1 in 3 new cases every year.
Even though 5-year survival rates are now at 63.7%, they have increased significantly since 1960. Therefore, it is essential to recognize the symptoms and signs that may indicate leukemia.
Leukemia, like many other cancers, is usually symptomatic in its early stages. However, because blood can spread quickly because flows throughout your body, it is essential to tune in to your body and teach your children how to communicate what they feel.
Being aware is the best way to protect your family’s health. Keep reading as we discuss seven signs that leukemia can be fatal. Although symptom #5 may seem like a good sign, it can be dangerous when combined with other symptoms. We’ll end with descriptions of the four most common types of leukemia to help you understand more about it.
Leukemia symptoms, anemia and Related Symptoms
Many types of leukemia don’t always present with symptoms in the early stages. It is crucial to monitor your overall health to determine if any of these symptoms have occurred in the past months.
Anemia refers to a condition where your body doesn’t have enough healthy red cells to transport oxygen throughout the body. Your cells could become starved as a result. Anemia can cause fatigue, pallor, and flu-like symptoms.
- Bleeding and Bruising are easy.
Leukemia, a form of blood cancer that can cause you to bleed more quickly or much less, is something you should be aware of. A warning sign is if the minor bump causes you to bruise or tiny blood spots under your skin.
Leukemia can also cause blood to appear as urine or stool, increase the frequency and severity of nosebleeds, and make it difficult for you to eat or brush your teeth.
3. Infections are possible. Leukemia may cause your inability to resist seasonal bugs, but you are now sicker than you used to be.
Most commonly, it causes sore throat and bronchial pneumonia. Other symptoms include low-grade fever, skin rash, headaches, or mouth sores. However, any bug can easily take root in a body that has cancer.
- Swollen Lymph Nodes
Swollen lymph nodes are usually found in the throat, armpits, or groin when leukemia is involved. But, lymph nodes can also become swollen due to common infections or stress. Swollen lymph nodes are not a sign of leukemia. If you have any other symptoms, please track this symptom.
5. 5. These toxins can cause a loss of appetite and unintended weight gain.
Some types of blood cancer can irritate and increase the size of the spleen. This causes pain under the ribs at the lower left. An enlarged spleen can also cause you to feel fuller even if you don’t eat. This is what causes the lack of appetite that we discussed earlier.
7. Night sweats. When your body temperature rises overnight, sweating is triggered in an attempt to cool it down. Although you may not feel hot, you will notice that you are becoming colder due to your pajamas being soaked. Although there are many causes for night sweats, the most common is caused by sudden fever or infection.
Leukemia Types and Classes
Leukemia can be described according to the type of white cells it attacks. Lymphocytic Leukemia is caused by specific white blood cells, called lymphocytes in the bone marrow. Myeloid Leukemia is more common in white blood cells than lymphocytes. It can also show up in platelets and red blood cells.
Leukemia can also be described according to how aggressively it grows. It is acute if it appears suddenly and proliferates. If the cells multiply and grow slowly but with consistent growth, then the cancer is chronic. These are the most common types of leukemia.
Acute Myeloid leukemia (AML).
AML is the most prevalent form of acute leukemia. This happens when the bone marrow produces “blasts,” which are basically unmatured cells. Blasts can develop into white blood cells in the healthy bone marrow. AML means that the cells don’t mature and can’t fight infections.
The bone marrow also begins to pump out cancerous red blood cells and platelets. These cells increase quickly and take over the space necessary for healthy red blood cells and platelet function.
Acute Lymphocytic Lymphoma (ALL)
ALL is characterized by abnormal white blood cell accumulation in the bone marrow that replaces healthy cells to produce functioning lymphocytes.
These abnormal cells are transported throughout the body via the bloodstream. They can infect other organs such as the brain, lymph nodes, and liver. Although this form of leukemia can occur at any age, it is most common in those aged under 45 and over 45.
Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia
CLL, a slower-growing type of leukemia, may not be apparent for many years.
It starts in the bone marrow lymphocytes and eventually clogs out normal blood cells. This makes it more difficult to fight infection. CLL can spread to lymph nodes and then to other organs such as the liver and spleen.
Chronic Myeloid Lymphoma (CML).
CML is a slow-growing or chronic form of leukemia. CML begins in the bone marrow and causes abnormalities in blood-forming cells. These cancerous cells then spread to the bloodstream and other parts of the body. Although CML can start slowly, it can quickly become an acute condition that could affect any organ.
CML is unique in that it is associated with an abnormal chromosome, the Philadelphia Chromosome. CML is a common type of leukemia that affects 10-15% of all forms. It tends to be more prevalent in older patients. A diagnosis of CML is usually made at 67 years.
These are the early signs of leukemia. They are not severe and can be treated quickly. However, more advanced forms of leukemia, which have a high number of white blood cells, can cause vision problems, strokes, hearing loss, and other mental changes.